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By: Peter Abrahams, Practice Leader - Accessibility and Usability, Bloor Research
Published: 21st June 2011
Copyright Bloor Research © 2011
Apple has announced the next version of OS X, the operating system for Macs, called Lion. It has 250+ new features, including 11 specific accessibility features and several more that could have accessibility benefits.
OS X ships with a built-in screen-reader, VoiceOver, which has been extended to:support more languages, provide higher quality voices that can be downloaded from the web, support different preferences for different activities, fast for scanning websites, slower for reading on-line books provide single-letter navigation in web-pages
In previous versions you have been able to increase the size of the cursor arrow but when you did this the arrow became pixelated and the edges were rough; a small improvement in Lion is that the larger cursors remain crisp and sharp. I have my cursor at a medium size, it makes it easier to find on a large iMac screen and I look forward to this small improvement.
Another feature I use quite frequently is screen zoom. If there is something on the screen that is small, some text or often an image, I zoom the whole of the screen so I can see the relevant section blown up. The problem is that I lose the rest of the screen. Lion will offer a function to have a section of the screen in a separate window and to zoom on that. This is the best of both worlds with magnification of the bit of the screen of interest whilst still being able to see the context of the rest of the screen.
Lion improves Braille support with support for more languages and more control of the verbosity.
A significant usability feature is that for existing OS X users Lion will be downloadable from the Mac App Store. The advantage being that there will be no distribution of CD and installation from CDs. For people with disabilities this should be a welcome improvement, just a couple of clicks to download (see my article Usability and Accessibility of Apple Mac App Store) then a few more to install.
FaceTime, the video calling facility built-in to Lion, provides high-definition video which should make it possible for deaf people to use sign-language when communicating remotely. Lion improves and extends the support for full-screen apps. Full screen applications are beneficial to people with vision impairments as the content can be bigger and also there are no distractions. Full-screen should also help people with dyslexia, and some cognitive limitations. With Lion you can have multiple applications open in full-screen mode and you can navigate from one to another using a gesture.
Preview is the tool for looking at images and PDF documents. Lion provides a magnify feature to enlarge specific text or images.
Safari, the built-in browser, has some new features that will benefit people with disabilities.Double tap to zoom in on a column or an image. Pinch in and out to zoom more precisely. Swipe to navigate, use the swipe gesture to smoothly move to next page. Private autofill, enables standard fields in forms such as surname or address to be autofilled on demand. This is a major benefit to people who find typing difficult or slow.
The Screen Sharing feature enables one Mac to observe or takeover control of another Mac. This provides an excellent remote user support facility. Many users with disabilities will find this useful as it means that small issues can be diagnosed and resolved quickly and effectively by a remote friend.
And finally you can resize a window from any side or corner.
Lion will ship in July and is great value at £20.99 in the UK ($29.99 in the US). I plan to upgrade as soon as it ships as the accessibility benefits are significant as well as many other of the 250 new features which will improve my usability and general user experience.
Posted: 20th July 2011 | By Olaf DrÃ¼mmer :
Any accessibility improvements/additions in terms of Voice Over for PDF (in Preview)? Given how wonderful it is that Mac OS X uses PDF as its image model on the OS level, it is difficult to understand why no VoiceOver support seems to exist for tagged PDFs? Or is it changing in Lion? Or am I missing something altogether?
Posted: 26th July 2011 | By Jack Licate :
After installing Lion on the Mac I use I have found that for screen magnification the Control-scroll wheel function does not always work (as it did in Snow Leopard). I should point out that the Control-scroll wheel function works for about 15 minutes after boot up, then turns off. I experimented on another Mac using the same mouse, and it works well. Working with Apple Support we exhausted the possibilities at the first and senior levels of technicians but with no solution. The upshot may well be to buy a new Apple mouse or a trackpad, as the quick screen magnification via the mouse is essential to my work.
Posted: 3rd August 2011 | By Peter Abrahams (Author):
There does not appear to be any new feature in Preview related to tagged PDF.
Posted: 3rd August 2011 | By Peter Abrahams (Author):
When I first installed Lion I thought I had a similar issue but after I altered some of zoom setting in system preferences it all has worked fine. The default modifier key to use with the scroll wheel was not the one I had been using.
I recommend looking at the various options as some of the new ones like 'zoom in window' might just suit your requirements.
Posted: 5th August 2011 | By Jack Licate :
Thank you very much. I, too, found a solution. It appears that in Lion the screen saver turns off the Control Scroll zoom. I turned off screen saver and now the zoom function works well. The function appears not to be affected by the Sleep setting, just the screen saver. I hope these two solutions are helpful until Apple corrects the problem. Thanks and take care.
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